BIM is an acronym for Building Information Modeling. There is a lot of talk lately about BIM in the construction industry, but when you ask what it is, you get different types of definitions and different people.
Some say that BIM is a type of Construction planner software. Others say that BIM is the virtual 3D model of buildings. Others say that BIM is a process or that BIM is nothing more than a collection of data from a building organized in a structural database that can be easily consulted visually or numerically. It is safe to say that BIM is all that is said above and some other things.
A true Bim service providers consists of the virtual equivalents of the constructive elements and pieces that are used to build the building. These elements have all the characteristics -physical and logical- of their real components.
These intelligent elements are the digital prototype of the physical elements of the building, such as walls, pillars, windows, doors, stairs, etc. that allow us to simulate the building and understand its behavior in a computerized environment before its construction begins.
What is it for and what advantages does BIM have?
Although there may be different objectives for the creation of a BIM model that may differ in their focus, scope, complexity, level of detail and depth of information incorporated into the 3D model, of course, the most trivial use of a BIM model is for make quality visualizations of the building that is going to be built. This is good both to help your own design decision by comparing different alternatives as to “sell” the design to your client or even to the local community, which could have a vote on the building project.
Since the data is stored in a middle location at the BIM software so any modification of the building design will be involuntarily simulated in every view. This not only helps the creation of the documentation more quickly but also provides the guarantee of rigorous quality in the automatic coordination of the different points of view.
The BIM models not only contain architectural data but also all the internal information of the building, including all the engineering data such as the load structures, all the conduits and pipes of the systems and even the information on sustainability, allowing us to perform simulations of the characteristics of the building in advance.